is used to check the quality and is particularly recommended for multicolour jobs. The printer uses the proof
, which has been approved by the client, as a template to save the setting of the printing machine. For creating the proof usually proof
presses are used. The printing will be done on the same material like the actual end product. If the proof
corresponds to the requirements of the customer, the printing job can be performed. But if any major deficiency appear in the proof,
further proofs are needed until the customer is perfectly satisfied.
If it is printed by hand, the so-called printing scraper
is used. It is usually a rubber, attached with a wooden handle. It is intended to be used before the actual printing in order to paint on the printing screen.
The printing sequence
is the order in which different inks are layed down by a multi-head press. Worldwide, the most popular order for typography is black followed by cyan, magenta, and yellow. Many prefer yellow followed by magenta, cyan, and black.
Is an intermediate image carrier used on a printing press to transfer the image from the film to a digital file to the substrate.
The term printing method
means th various types of the various types of printing that differ in their technological function. The following methods the most common procedures are summarized:
- High pressure (book printing, flexographic printing)
- Flat printing (offset printing)
- Low pressure (illustration gravure printing, decor gravure printing, pad printing)
- Screen printing
- Digital printing
Under the term printing finishing
different possibilities can be mentioned that can be found in screen printing. These include special colours, for example, gold, silver or mirror colours. Furthermore by means of UV printing special effects can be achieved. This is likely to be the case if already finisehd motifs are overprinted with single elements and highlighted in relief.
The print template is a special cut form. Such print templates
are used for screen printings. The combination of a screen print frames, fabric and a template is the print form. Today the production of screen printings can mainly be achieved by photographic means, apart from academic and artistic purpose.
The following techniques of manual printing, where the subject can be applied by hand, can be distinguished:
- cover template
- washout stencil
- paper template
- cutting template
- reduction template