• Glossary

Technical terms I

Intaglio printing

Intaglio printing is a tyle of press or printing technique which uses engraved plates (pronounced “in-TAL-ee-oh”). The image on the plate is engraved into the plate’s surface; then, ink is spread across the plate and wiped off, and the plate is pressed into the paper with great force. The result is a “raised” printing on the surface of the paper. Paper money and postage stamps are often printed on intaglio presses. Also called "gravure".

Indirect templates/movies

With indirectly templates or indirectly movies a gelatin coated polyester carrier film is characterize, which is characterized by the coating as light sensitive. These are exposed and afterwards hardened with hydrogen peroxide. After washing of the print image (Develop) such a film is transfered on the bottom sieve. If the film is dry, the carrier film will be removed. Due to the fact that the template does only stick to the tissue underside, this is also known as "At-fabric-template". Due to the very high quality of the printing results indirectly templates are used for special work, especially when printing fine grids.

Indirect templates can not be used for screen printing with water-dilutable colors. They are very thin and only for fine fabrics from 77-90 threads/cm and above. In addition to the described examples, in the specialist trade there are also indirectly movies available on which a chemical hardening after the exposure is no longer required.

Indirect printing

The indirect printing process can be charactarized by transfering the colour between the carrier tob e used. This is for example used in the offset or the tampon printing. The colour is fed from the printing form via the intermedia carrier on the substrate. This might prove advantageous because even very rough surfaces (offset printing) or bodies curved inside or outside (tampon printing) can be used as a  printing stock.Furthermore the printing form is usually charactarized by a higher liftime because the  the substrate is not in direct contact with the printing form.  In the case of indirect printing reverse Positives and Negatives are used.  The coating is not , as in the case of direct printing, on the readable, non-reversed side of the film.

ICC profile

The ICC profile describes the color space of display (monitor), input (scanners, digital cameras), and output devices (printers). It is a color profile in the form of a standardised data set which plays an important role in the area of color management as a device profile plays. The ICC profile is used to ensure that a template with any input device has been created, in any display or output device, which is also the ICC profile used as color can be reproduced exactly. The devices are supplied with the help of color management systems. The abbreviation "ICC" stands for the International Color Consortium, that was founded with the aim of, color management systems to unify in 1993, as the merger of many manufacturers of graphics, layout and image processing programs.


ICC is the abbreviation for International Color Consortium, an organisation which was established in 1993 to create, promote and encourage the standardization and evolution of an open, vendor-neutral, cross-platform color management system architecture and components. To do so, they developed the ICC profile specifications.